Download Cash, Color, And Colonialism: The Politics Of Tribal by Renee Ann Cramer PDF

By Renee Ann Cramer

Within the context of U.S.-Indian legislation, federal acknowledgment establishes a belief dating among an Indian tribe and the U.S. executive. because of that belief, the tribe gets major merits, together with tax-exempt prestige, reclamation rights, and—of might be maximum modern day curiosity to the yank public—the correct to manage and take advantage of its personal casinos.

Some tribes, notwithstanding, haven't been federally stated, or, in additional universal language, “recognized.” In Cash, colour, and Colonialism, Renée Ann Cramer deals a finished research of the federal acknowledgment approach, putting it in historic, criminal, and social context.

Exploring the formal and casual struggles over acknowledgment, Cramer argues that we won't absolutely comprehend the method till we comprehend 3 contexts in which it operates: the expansion of on line casino pursuits due to the fact 1988, the superiority of racial attitudes touching on Indian id, and the colonial legacy of U.S.-Indian law.

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Additional info for Cash, Color, And Colonialism: The Politics Of Tribal Acknowledgment

Sample text

Representative government and subject to approval by the secretary of the interior and the commissioner of Indian Affairs. In referenda, tribes could choose to adopt tribal constitutions to govern political aspects of tribal life (Section 16); they could also choose to adopt a tribal charter of incorporation, which gave the corporate tribal entity the power to own, hold, and dispose of all manner of property (Section 17). Most tribes that approved IRA governments also U . S . POLICIES. INDIAN ACTIVISM, AND INDIAN IDENTITY 19 approved charters of incorporation; they thus created a business arm of the tribe to match its powers of self-government.

Within a few years, Congress decided that the Indian agent system was too expensive and too decentralized to efficiently govern federal-tribal relations; congressmen felt constrained by the system and by the treaty-making process. They refused to appropriate any more money to Indian Affairs, unless they could have more power over them, and passed the Appropriations Act of 1871, which officially ended the era of treaty making. Though treaty making had ended, the legislature still required means of communicating with, controlling, and making exchange with tribal governments.

As treaties were being horse ridden across the nation for delivery to Congress, it was common for the messenger either to defect from the service or to be killed somewhere in the middle of the nation. Although some of the treaties that were returned to the capital remained unratified, more still went unenforced. Both a lack of ratification and a lack of enforcement can result in a lack of acknowledgment for a tribe. l6 An additional cohort of tribes was "terminated" by governmental policy in the 1950s and 1960s.

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