By Lawrence S. Cunningham
The Vatican. The Inquisition. birth control. Celibacy. Apparitions and miracles. Plots and scandals. The Catholic Church is seldom out of the inside track. yet what do its a thousand million adherents quite think, and the way do they placed their ideals into perform in worship, the relatives, and society? This down-to-earth account is going again to the early Christian creeds to discover the roots of recent Catholic pondering. It avoids getting slowed down in theological technicalities, and throws mild on facets of the Church's institutional constitution and liturgical perform that even Catholics can locate baffling: why visit confession? How are humans made saints? what's 'infallible' in regards to the Pope? subject matters addressed comprise: • scripture and culture • sacraments and prayer • well known piety • own and social morality • reform, undertaking, and interreligious discussion Lawrence Cunningham, a theologian, prize-winning author and college instructor, offers an summary of Catholicism this day so as to be fundamental for undergraduates and lay learn teams.
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Additional resources for Cambridge An Introduction To Catholicism
He saw the value of and gave support to the new evangelically minded movements such as the Franciscans; he demanded and got efficiency and simplicity from his own curia, encouraged bishops to settle regional matters at their own synods, combated heresy – especially the dualist Albigensians in France – and reformed the finances of the papacy. He underwrote the Fourth Crusade and, when it met defeat, had plans for a fifth one. He presided over the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215 whose decrees had long-lasting effects.
Dulles, Avery, The Catholicity of the Church (Oxford: Clarendon, 1985). Seminal work on the notion of catholicity. : Paulist, 2007). : HarperCollins, 1994). An encyclopedic study. O’Collins, S. , Gerald and Farrugia, S. , Mario, Catholicism: The Story of Catholic Christianity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). Excellent one volume survey. Roberson, Ronald, The Eastern Christian Churches, revised 6th edn (Rome: Pontifical Oriental Institute, 1999). chapter 2 Roman Catholicism introduction Even though, as we saw in the first chapter, the adjective “Roman” added to Catholicism can be misunderstood, it is clear that it is the city of Rome in general and the bishop of Rome, known more familiarly as the “pope,” in particular that gives Catholicism its defining character.
Pope Pius V (1566–72) would add a capstone to the reforming decrees of Trent by publishing the Roman Catechism that became the teaching tool for Catholic pastors throughout the world, standardizing the Roman missal for the celebration of mass, the Roman Breviary, which was the official liturgical prayer for priests and religious, and by a vigorous campaign to reform the mores of the Roman clergy. Pius and his successor, Gregory XIII, pushed for reform in Catholic countries and, more importantly, gave strong support to foreign missions not only in the New World but also, under the aegis of the Jesuits, to lands in the Far East, especially Japan and China.