By H. Saddhatissa
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Extra info for Buddhist ethics: The Path to Nirvāna
Since situation ethics is agapistic, the name given it in theological rhetoric-we may validate it in a humanistic way, as John Dewey did with his instrumentalism, or we may add theistic sanctions as some do. But whatever our worldview, humanists, theists, Marxists can share the same agapistic substantive. " l~ The key role of sympathy, whether experienced as sentiment or attitude, is a point made by all sorts of thinkers-Russell, Kropotkin, Leslie Stephens, Bonaventure, Hume, Adam Smith, Kant-very close to the nachenfelden or 'empathy' of Max Weber and Wilhelm Dilthey.
John Dewey. The Middle Works 13: 11-12, note 9. 14. John Dewey, Theory of Valuation, International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, Vol. 4 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1939). 15. John Dewey, "Some Questions about Value", Journal of Philosophy, LI (1944), 455 . 16. William James, "The Dilemma of Detenninisrn", in The Will to Believe alld Other Essays. 17. See, for example. Human Nature and Conduct. John Dewey, The Middle Works 14: 216-27. 18. See, for example, John Dewey, How We Think, 1933; Later Works 8: Part I.
Regardless of the situation or the consequences, yet to lay down that we ought always to act as lovingly as possible. They fail to appreciate that the relativity lies at the normative level, but that at the substantive level the overarching value, loving concern, is not relativized. Another way to put this might be to say that the overall or prime (cardinal) virtue (value) of love can sometimes be subverted if a moral agent blindly Joseph Fletcher 31 follows an ordinarily or usually pertinent normative principle.