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By Rée, Paul; Small, Robin; Rée, Paul; Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm

This publication includes the 1st English translations of "The foundation of the ethical Sensations" and "Psychological Observations", the 2 most crucial works by way of the German thinker Paul Re. those essays current Re's ethical philosophy, which encouraged the guidelines of his shut good friend Friedrich Nietzsche significantly. Nietzsche students have frequently incorrectly attributed to him arguments and ideas which are Re's and feature didn't discover responses to Re's works in Nietzsche's writings. Re's pondering mixed strands: a pessimistic belief of human nature, awarded within the French moralists' aphoristic variety that may develop into a mainstay of Nietzsche's personal writings, and a conception of morality derived from Darwin's conception of ordinary choice. Re's ethical Darwinism was once a vital issue prompting Nietzsche to write down "On the family tree of Morals" and the basis for a lot of state-of-the-art "evolutionary ethics". In an illuminating serious advent, Robin Small examines Re's existence and paintings, finding his program of evolutionary suggestions to morality inside a broader heritage of Darwinism whereas exploring Re's theoretical and private dating with Nietzsche. In putting Nietzsche in his highbrow and social context, Small profoundly demanding situations the parable of Nietzsche as a solitary philosopher

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This may have been simply due to their fervent anti-Semitism, but there were other reasons, such as Rée’s open sympathy with French culture, a perennial object of Wagner’s hostility after his earlier experiences in Paris. Even Rée’s admiration for Schopenhauer was unacceptable from the Wagnerian point of view, since it explicitly set aside his doctrine of spiritual redemption in favor of a mere worldly wisdom. Nietzsche was playing a double game, trying to keep his options open as long as possible.

In section 5 of Psychological Observations, he denies that philosophy undertakes any revaluation of moral values, or even provides any support for them, since we are already certain of their validity. ” Philosophy is not for moral improvement, Rée concludes, any more than art. If metaphysics were, as Kant supposed, an insight into a higher realm from which moral values come, it would presumably make us better people. As it is, philosophy can only contribute to our knowledge and understanding, in the same way as natural science.

58 Such psychological observation, Nietzsche argues, is even more valuable to science than it is to the individual person, because it supplies a body of empirical material that is not biased by metaphysical or religious interpretation. “For what is the principle which one of the boldest and coldest of thinkers, the author of the book On [sic] The Origin of the Moral Sensations, arrived at by virtue of his incisive and penetrating analyses of human action? pmd 34 8/2/12, 2:33 PM translator’s introduction xxxv Sometimes Nietzsche’s aphorisms are strongly reminiscent of Rée’s Psychological Observations.

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