Download Autonomy and Intervention: Parentalism in the Caring Life by John Kultgen PDF

By John Kultgen

The elemental dating among humans could be care, and the being concerned lifestyles is the top which people can stay. regrettably, care that's not considerate slides into illegitimate intrusion on autonomy. Autonomy is a simple strong, and we should always no longer abridge it with no reliable cause. nevertheless, it isn't the single reliable. We needs to occasionally intrude within the lives of others to guard them from grave harms or supply them with very important advantages. The reflective individual, for that reason, wishes guidance for being concerned. a few modern moralists condemn paternalism categorically. This paintings examines weaknesses of their arguments and proposes new directions for paternalism, which it calls "parentalism" to prevent the patriarchal connotations of the previous time period. Its antiparentalism is extra average than average antipaternalism in response to an exaggerated admire for autonomy. The paintings explores implications for either the private sphere of interactions among members, comparable to family and friends contributors, and the general public sphere of associations, laws, and the pro practices.

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We are cursed (or blessed) with singularity. What seems good, what is good for each of us, varies considerably from what is good for others. Moreover, as moral agents we must act on our own judgments, not on those of others, even when it is our judgment to adopt the judgment of another or conversely to make a judgment for her. In the last analysis, then, the individual who aspires to the highest level of moral life must be true to his own intuitions once he has reflected on them, compared them with those of others, and rendered them as critical as possible.

What I shall refer to as the institution of morality embraces not only common mores, but the practices of special organizations, associations, and affiliations insofar as these inculcate moral values and provide outlets for moral action. The 32 Care influence of the institution of morality is pervasive: a sound morality creates caring persons who discharge their cares intelligently and sensitively. A defective morality produces defective persons. Ordinary morality produces ordinary persons—people such as you, me, and our neighbors, who have virtues but are not perfect.

The judgments of females tend to be contextual; they are prone to bend the rules to deal with the case. "Maturity" for males conies when they adopt rules that seem to them to be universal and impartial rather than self-serving or merely conventional. "Maturity" for females comes with the realization that no rules are absolute. The typical self-descriptions of males and females, like notions of morality, reflect the positions of the two sexes in society. The traditional demand on men to win a place for themselves in the economic sphere and on women to nurture in the private sphere suggest different concepts of personal responsibility.

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