By Richard M. Warren
This revised and up-to-date 3rd variation describes the character of sound, how sound is analyzed by way of the auditory procedure, and the principles and ideas governing our interpretation of auditory enter. It covers many subject matters together with sound and the auditory procedure, finding sound assets, the root for loudness judgments, belief of acoustic sequences, perceptual recovery of obliterated sounds, speech creation and belief, and the relation of listening to to belief quite often.
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Extra resources for Auditory Perception : an Analysis and Synthesis
R. 2006. Hearing: Anatomy, Physiology, and Disorders of the Auditory System, 2nd edition. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. For a review of auditory physiology: Pickles, J. O. 1988. An Introduction to the Physiology of Hearing, 2nd edition. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. For a detailed discussion of acoustics and its relation to hearing: Hartmann, W. M. 1998. Signals, Sound, and Sensation. New York: Springer-Verlag. 2 Spatial localization and binaural hearing In Chapter 1 it was noted that the outer ear (pinna), ear canal, and middle ear modify and distort the acoustic signal before it reaches the inner ear.
In his revised place theory, Helmholtz did not propose that the resonance of a fiber within the basilar membrane was limited to a narrow range of frequencies, but that appreciable vibration of the fiber would still occur when the frequency was removed as much as a semitone (1/12-octave) from that producing maximal response. Be´ke´sy, in a series of experiments having great impact on theories of cochlear mechanics for many years (for a summary see Be´ke´sy, 1960), claimed that although movement of the basilar membrane provided a basis for Mechanics for stimulation within the inner ear frequency analysis involving place of stimulation, the details were rather different than those envisioned by Helmholtz.
In addition to the afferent or ascending fibers carrying information from the organ of Corti, there are also efferent or descending fibers carrying impulses from higher centers down to their terminations on the inner and outer hair cells. The efferent fibers forming the olivocochlear bundle in the cochlear nerve have cell bodies located in the superior olivary regions (Rasmussen, 1946, 1953). Some of these cell bodies have fibers that are ipsilateral (uncrossed) and others have fibers that are contralateral (crossed) relative to the cochlea at which they terminate.