By Elliot Cohen
Do sufferers have the precise to understand their physician's HIV prestige? Can a dentist refuse remedy to an HIV-positive sufferer? How do educators be sure no matter if to permit an HIV-positive baby to wait college, and in the event that they do, may still the oldsters of different childrens be told? should still a counselor holiday confidentiality by means of disclosing to a spouse that her husband is contaminated with HIV? This number of unique essays conscientiously examines the tough ethical offerings the AIDS pandemic has awarded for plenty of execs physicians, nurses, dentists, academics and faculty directors, company managers, psychotherapists, attorneys, clergy, reporters, and politicians. within the place of work, difficulties posed through HIV and AIDS have resulted in a reexamination of conventional codes of ethics. offering systematic and reasoned discussions, the authors discover the ethical, felony, and moral matters fascinated by the reconsideration of guidelines, criteria of behavior, and the practicality of balancing own ethics. Elliot D. Cohen is Professor of Philosophy at Indian River neighborhood university and Editor-in-Chief of the "International magazine of utilized Philosophy". Michael Davis is Senior examine affiliate on the heart for the examine of Ethics in Professions, Illinois Institute of know-how.
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Do sufferers have the proper to understand their physician's HIV prestige? Can a dentist refuse therapy to an HIV-positive sufferer? How do educators be sure even if to permit an HIV-positive baby to wait university, and in the event that they do, may still the oldsters of different young children learn? may still a counselor holiday confidentiality by means of disclosing to a spouse that her husband is contaminated with HIV?
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Additional resources for Aids: Crisis in Professional Ethics
27 The AMA reaffirmed this position soon after the CDC guidelines were issued and reconfirmed its stated opposition to mandatory testing. ' '29 The Federation of State Medical Boards, a national licensing and disciplinary body, noted too that it would be professional misconduct for physicians to perform seriously invasive procedures without knowing their HIV status. 30 Nonetheless, a surprising number of medical organizations rejected the CDC guidelines, including the American College of Surgeons, the American College of Physicians, the American College of Emergency Physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the California Medical Association, the American Hospital Association, and the American Public Health Association.
More generally, the rights of individuals place moral and legal limits on societal actions, and these rights cannot be violated even if they are conducive to the public good. Actions intended to bring about some 40 • Albert Flores social benefit but that violate the rights of individuals do so only by sacrificing protections that are essential to a person's well-being and thus critical to a society's sense ofjustice. Although concern about the spread of AIDS is a legitimate societal concern, it cannot warrant the wholesale abuse of privacy rights implicit in a program of mandatory "IV testing.
In fact, the social consequences of requiring seropositive physicians to disclose their "IV status are not so good. If physicians were forced to disclose that they were infected, they would most likely lose most of their patients; most would switch to an uninfected physician rather than risk becoming infected. ' '69 He asserts that while it is not irrational to switch to an uninfected physician, if we all switch, then overall each of us will be worse off.