By Shadi Mokhtari
Mokhtari's e-book examines the alterations within the human rights discourse within the usa and the center East after the maltreatment and torture of the U.S. captives within the Abu Ghraib and different prisons turned public. throughout the textual content research of speeches and information experiences, in addition to in-depth interviews with human rights NGO officers, she makes a radical overview that either credit and criticizes the NGOs. Mokhtari exhibits that human rights advocacy has been profitable in pushing the U.S. courts and Congress to acknowledge the relevance of overseas human rights legislations.
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Additional info for After Abu Ghraib: Exploring Human Rights in America and the Middle East
36 AFTER ABU GHRAIB discussions, the clear implication of his words is that complying fully with the Geneva Convention protections could be considered proceeding with naivet´e. The Bush administration similarly marginalized international human rights law by repeatedly asserting that it was composed of various legal obligations that were vague or undefined. ” This provision was frequently rejected by Bush administration lawyers on the grounds that it was open to interpretation. 39 Another American strategy to counter the constraints posed by international human rights law consisted of reconstituting established international legal doctrine and interpretations.
10 Finally, using domestic laws such as the Alien Torts Claims Act and the Torture Victim Protection Act of 1991, American courts took up the adjudication of international human rights cases occurring outside of the United States. ”11 Although American human rights and civil rights activists have made numerous attempts to bring domestic litigation on international human rights law grounds, these efforts have made little headway in American courts. Efforts to sue American companies operating abroad have been slightly more successful.
3 Susan Buck-Morss, Thinking Past Terror: Islamism and Critical Theory on the Left 64–65 (2003). AMERICAN IMAGININGS OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE MIDDLE EAST 23 Closely linked to these relational identity constructions has been a dualistic view of culture. Although there are explicit and implicit assumptions of Middle Eastern societies’ human rights “nightmares” being linked to the trappings of a conservative religion and culture, the United States is viewed as standing in a space that is essentially free of culture and religion or culturally and religiously neutral.