Download Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Sadat - Zulu & Index by John Middleton PDF

By John Middleton

Offering a accomplished examine the continent of Africa and the nations that contain it, this publication describes its peoples and cultures, track and artwork, alternate and economic system, vacation trips and gala's, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its background, paintings and structure and everyday life. It examines Africa from prehistoric instances to the current day.

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I saiah Shembe was a ZULU prophet who founded his own church in the early 1900s. As a young man Shembe experienced a dramatic conversion that led him to give up worldly things and become a wandering preacher and healer. He joined the African Baptist Church in 1906 and eventually became an ordained minister. However, he broke away in 1911 to establish the Church of the Nazaretha. Based on Old Testament teachings, Shembe’s church incorporated elements of indigenous* Zulu religion. According to his followers, Shembe performed miracles of healing and was able to foresee the future.

Islamic relating to Islam, the religion based on the teaching of the prophet Muhammad Northern Africa. D. 600s. Slavery became a feature of the Islamic* civilization established by the Arabs along Africa’s Mediterranean coast and in the Near East. At first, most of the enslaved people brought to Islamic areas came from central and eastern Europe. They were supplied by Italian agents, who undertook the trade despite the Catholic church’s ban on the selling of Christian slaves to Muslims 27 africa_vol4 1/14/03 12:28 PM Page 28 Slave Trade Algiers Tunis IRAQ Mediterranean RO C Baghdad Damascus Tripoli IRAN EGYPT sia Asyut n ul G L I B YA r Pe M O C O f THE SUDAN TA K K U R Timbuktu DARFUR Mecca Sawakin ea KANEM ARABIA Aydhab dS Re Da rb al“Fo Arb r ty a , Da in yR oa d” ALGERIA G S IN ND AV U SL RO G MALI SLAVING GROUNDS ETHIOPIA SLAVING GROUNDS Indian Ocean SLAVING GROUNDS Slavery SWAHILI COAST The Sahara Desert and Red Sea Region After about the year 1000, the states of Europe became stronger and better able to protect their citizens from slavery.

Debt peonage, also called pawnship, was a servile condition based on a relationship between a debtor and a creditor*. Under this system a creditor held an individual—a “pawn”—as a guarantee that a debt would be repaid. Often the pawn was not the actual debtor but one of the debtor’s relatives. The pawn had to work for the creditor until the debtor paid off the debt, ending the pawn’s period of servitude. If the debt was not repaid, or if the creditor himself fell into debt before the pawn was released, the creditor could sell the pawn into slavery.

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