By Panna Ram Siyag
The ebook is a complete guide of perform for execution of afforestation and tree planting programmes in arid and semi-arid tropics. It encompasses a compact operating account of the know-how of afforestation and the correct ideas and practices in administration of afforestation tasks. It presents a variety of dependent info and a couple of version designs that are gainfully placed to exploit by way of the sphere point supervisors as additionally by way of the managers desirous about making plans and keep watch over of such initiatives. Written via a practicing expert, the booklet is beneficial for an individual fascinated with the perform of afforestation and tree planting, be he a tree hobbyist or a faculty instructor, a qualified forester or a senior coverage maker in executive, an industrialist or a philanthropist, an environmental activist or a member of a neighborhood provider organization.
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Extra info for Afforestation, Reforestation and Forest Restoration in Arid and Semi-arid Tropics: A Manual of Technology & Management
Improper or inadequate tools will mean poor workmanship or faulty techniques and also result in lower productivity of the workers. 2. Tools must be maintained periodically and stored properly so as to ensure long service. Nursery shade is required in areas where extreme heat and cold is commonly experienced. Species vary in tolerance to heat and frost, but in general, some sort of shelter or shade will be required under the tropical sun. Sowing of castor or other fast growing shrubs can be a solution for short-term management.
WCCs must be laid out carefully on regular gradient or else these will overflow and water will spill out. A network of channels will be required to cover the nursery (Fig. 7). The cost of all the WCCs and the associated UGRs may add up to that of a pipe-and-hydrant system, and where the latter is feasible, it should be preferred. A pressure-pipe network with hydrants (outlet nozzles) suitably distributed in the nursery will enable manual irrigation with roses attached at the end of flexible rubber pipes, thus increasing labour productivity as water need not be manually filled into cans.
Normally, a GLR should be of sufficient capacity to serve as a backup source of water even if the tube well is out of working order for a week. If the mean time between failures of the tube well is low and the mean time to repair is high, the GLR should be designed for an even larger capacity. 20 2 Nursery Techniques Sr. No. Approx. (m2) 2,700 3,492 1,175 1,000 1,093 Fig. 1 Layout of a permanent nursery. 1 Establishment of a New Nursery Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of a tube well 21 22 2 Nursery Techniques m2 m2 -m -m hp hp – Fig.