Download A Theologico-Political Treatise by Benedict de Spinoza, R. H. M. Elwes PDF

By Benedict de Spinoza, R. H. M. Elwes

Written by means of the Dutch thinker Baruch Spinoza, the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus or Theologico-Political Treatise was once essentially the most debatable texts of the early glossy interval. It used to be a preemptive safety of Spinoza's later paintings, Ethics, released posthumously in 1677, for which he expected harsh feedback. The treatise used to be released anonymously in 1670 through Jan Rieuwertsz in Amsterdam. for you to safeguard the writer and writer from political retribution, the identify web page pointed out the town of booklet as Hamburg and the writer as Henricus Kunraht. It used to be written in New Latin instead of the vernacular Dutch in an try to keep away from censorship by way of the secular Dutch professionals.

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103) But exactly the opposite happened to those whom the king of Portugal compelled to become Christians, for they always, though converted, lived apart, inasmuch as they were considered unworthy of any civic honours. (104) The sign of circumcision is, as I think, so important, that I could persuade myself that it alone would preserve the nation for ever. (105) Nay, I would go so far as to believe that if the foundations of their religion have not emasculated their minds they may even, if occasion offers, so changeable are human affairs, raise up their empire afresh, and that God may a second time elect them.

69) Moreover, Christ was sent to teach not only the Jews but the whole human race, and therefore it was not enough that His mind should be accommodated to the opinions the Jews alone, but also to the opinion and fundamental teaching common to the whole human race - in other words, to ideas universal and true. (70) Inasmuch as God revealed Himself to Christ, or to Christ's mind immediately, and not as to the prophets through words and symbols, we must needs suppose that Christ perceived truly what was revealed, in other words, He understood it, for a, matter is understood when it is perceived simply by the mind without words or symbols.

62) Wherefore it is beyond doubt that other nations also, like the Jews, had their prophets, who prophesied to them. (63) Although Scripture only, makes mention of one man, Balaam, to whom the future of the Jews and the other nations was revealed, we must not suppose that Balaam prophesied only once, for from the narrative itself it is abundantly clear that he had long previously been famous for prophesy and other Divine gifts. (64) For when Balak bade him to come to him, he said (Num. " (65) Thus we see that he possessed the gift which God had bestowed on Abraham.

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