By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary provides a accomplished survey of the total variety of historical close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the advance of the valuable forms of historical structure inside of their geographical and historic context, and describes gains of significant websites similar to Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to some of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the differences of normal historic architectural buildings resembling pyramids, tombs and homes, information the development fabric and strategies hired, and clarifies professional terminology.
0203041070 grasp book ISBN
0203199650 (Adobe eReader structure)
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
The royal tombs are situated underneath the Old Palace. They were barrel-vaulted (since Ashur-nasirpal, 883–859 BC) and had heavy basalt doors and sarcophagi of the same material. , ‘Die Paläste in Assur’, WVDOG 66 (Berlin 1955) Assyrian architecture The name Assyria derives from the national god and his eponymous cult city Ashur. The countryside between the Tigris, the foothills of Kurdistan and the lesser Zab, which constituted the heartland of Assyria, was a fertile region. At the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC, Assyrian merchants were responsible for much of the trade in precious metals and other commodities conducted with Anatolia and southern Mesopotamia.
Bauwerke in der altsumerischen Bildkunst (Wiesbaden 1957) architrave Term borrowed from classical architecture where it denotes the lowest part of the 19 ASHLAR Architraves in the temple of Luxor (XVIII Dynasty) entablature. In Egyptian TRABEATED ARCHITECTURE, they were rectangular blocks held up by columns or pilasters, which carried the roofing-slabs of stone which replaced the wooden beams. Their width and height always corresponds to the upper part of the support. The disposition is longitudinal in the centre of a large space (eg in a hypostyle hall) and transversal to the row of supports in the subsidiary spaces (aisles or porticoes).
Pairs of great monolithic, roughly dressed boulders were set upright at an angle in such a way that they formed a pointed arch. The jambs of the monoliths were carved with the heads of lions or sphinxes, or decorated with reliefs (as in the King’s Gate with the figure of an armed man, now at the Ankara Museum). The central gateways were flanked by projecting stone walls which supported mudbrick towers. Posterntunnels with corbelled vaults of triangular section led underneath the walls to allow for skirmishes during a siege.